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schwa是否可以简单理解成短音/ 哦/

本帖最后由 wangyanli 于 2012-12-14 21:07 编辑

首先感谢老师百忙中针对我上一个问题给出答复!
学生又有了新问题,请老师指导
在单词中,字母a· e· i· o· u只有 在双音节或多音节中的非重读情况时才发短音/哦/,我是否可以这样理解?如about中的a ,circus中的u,telephone中的e,cinema 中的e和a,再有就是我们的星之升音标全部内容都以美式音标为准,对吗?请老师莅临指导

是的!
schwa是典型的弱读音,基本规则如下:o,u弱读一般都读schwa,/ə/,几乎无例外,如:carrot,police中的o,success,lotus中的u;至于a,e,i弱读却有两个发音,一般是schwa,/ə/,如sofa,problem,possible,不过a,e,i弱读还可以读short i,village,basketball,unit

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英文说明:
Here are some words that have two vowel sounds, a short <u> and a schwa. The
short <u> always has strong stress. The schwa always has weak stress. Sometimes
the strong stress is on the second vowel sound, but usually it is on the first. Mark the
strong stress in each word: bútton.
óven trústful cóusin stómach
abóve dózen adjúst confrónt
3 Each weak vowel in those eight words is the sound schwa. Underline the vowel
letters that spell schwa in each word. You should find five different spellings of schwa:
<a>, <e>, <i>, <o>, and <u>:
4 Among those eight words, schwa is spelled <a> in above , adjust , and
stomach .
5 Schwa is spelled <e> in oven and dozen .
6 Schwa is spelled <i> in cousin .
7 Schwa is spelled <o> in confront .
8 Schwa is spelled <u> in trustful .


Other examples include:

Schwa is spelled <a> in pleasant , among , and company .
Schwa is spelled <e> in sentence , problem , and enemy .
Schwa is spelled <i> in president and cousin .
Schwa is spelled <o> in confront .
Schwa is spelled <u> in succeed and trustful .
Schwa is spelled <ai> in mountain .
Schwa is spelled <ea> in ocean .
Schwa is spelled <ou> in famous .

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